Woodworm Symptoms & Causes

Woodworm is the wood-eating larvae of any of many species of beetle. It is also a generic description given to the infestation of a wooden item (normally part of a dwelling or the furniture in it) by these larvae.

The Signs Of Woodworm

Signs of woodworm usually consist of holes in the wooden item, with live infestations showing powder (faeces) around the holes. The size of the holes varies, but are typically 1mm to 1.5mm in diameter for the most common household species. Adult beetles which emerged from the wood may also be found in the summer months.

Typically the adult beetles lay eggs on, or just under the surface of, a wooden item. The resulting grubs then feed on the wooden item causing both structural and cosmetic damage, before pupating and hatching as beetles which then breed, lay eggs, and repeat the process causing further damage.

As the beetles evolved consuming dead wood in various forest habitats, most grubs, if not all, typically require that the wooden item contain a higher moisture content than is normally found in wooden items in a typical home.

If You Have Noticed Any Signs Indicating That You Might Have Woodworm Then Call
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Common Furniture Beetle

This furniture beetle is capable of causing structural damage to your property; although it looks similar to a classic beetle upon closer inspection they have a light green/brown colour.
The common furniture beetle is found in both the sapwood of both wet and dry timber.
Also known for its extensive bores and creating round tunnels most often going with the grain of the wood. And commonly will fly to find new sources of wood.
When looking out for this particular beetle the droppings or frass are oblong, sandy pellets. The insect will emerge from 2mm diameter boreholes.

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The Death Watch Beetle

With a mixture of both dark and light colouring this furry bee-like beetle is capable of causing severe timber damage to your property,
This is a very committed beetle and an extensive tunnel builder. They will fight their way to find other rotting wood if they need to.

The death watch beetle has a particular love for rotting hardwoods such as Oak and Elm; they are commonly associated to white rot.

Known for making boreholes around 2mm in width and filling with their own frass, this is very visible upon inspection. Unfortunately they have a nasty habit of making quite a distinctive tapping sound which attracts fellow beetles – commonly on quiet summer nights.

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Ambrosia Beetle

Although mainly found in woodland this particular beetle given the right conditions could enter your home. With a long narrow appearance this beetle loves both soft and hard wood with a nasty habit of making slightly bigger holes then other beetles.
The Ambrosia Beetle is often found in newly fallen trees and can cause extensive damage in construction-ready timber if left unchecked.
This particular beetle holds a shiny dark brown colour and tucked wings behind its back; unlike other they don’t produce a lot of frass – well not visible to the naked eye anyway.

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Wharf Borer

This large insect has a reputation of attacking wharf buildings and attacking structional timber and pilings. Very popular in coastal buildings.
With an orange-brown body and a long antenna their ideal choice would be rotten soft and hard woods. But will only fly short distances for a new host.
As the name suggests they have a habit of borering deeply and leaving oval shaped tunnels and leaving soil like frass in its trails.

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Powder Post Beetle

With a slightly hairy and reddish-brown colour this smaller beetle can still bore extensively deep in to young hardwood and known for following the grain, although this particular beetle creates a maze of conjuring tunnels resulting in a high level of damage.
Very easy to recognize by leaving flour like frass at the surface of its flight holes.

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Bark Borer

This beetle comes in many varieties but most common are either dark brown or light brown colour.
Known most for targeting soft wood and causing major damage if left. Also common for the Bark Borer to fly locally to discover more timber sources.
Creating rounded tunnels often kept near to the surface can still cause an extreme amount of damage. And leaves a trail of frass in a round shape and depending on the surface can either be a light or a dark brown.

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House Longhorn

A large beetle with large antennae and a dark brown appearance this insect is a major problem for wood inside your property. Commonly known for attacking soft wood and creating large damaging tunnels filled with sausage like frass.
Not only are they big and leave a trail of destruction but they also fly from house to house laying eggs and feasting on timber before moving on to the next property.

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Asian Long Horned Beetle

A very distinctive beetle with its black colouring and white spots,
Again a very large beetle came over to the UK from Japan, China and Korea this is not a beetle to be missed or taken lightly.
Extremely fond of hardwoods such as willow, maple and oak, they are known for flying long distances in search of new host property.
Although often confined to woodland the damage that they could cause is horrific.

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Wood Wasp

We know that this isn’t a beetle however due to the extensive damage they can cause to your home we wanted to give you the facts.
A large yellow and black insect with the ability to fly long distances they exclusively attack soft woods and rotting trees.
They tend to create single track tunnels and are known for causing extreme damage and at times killing the host trees.
Leaving a large flight hole the Wood Wasp pack their tunnels with dense frass fibres, resulting in making them hard to remove once found.